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"Presidents of the United States" and "US Presidents" redirect here. For the American Rock band, see The Presidents of the United States of America (band). For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation).The White House, the president's official residence and center of the administrationUnder the United States Constitution, the President of the United States is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America. As chief of the executive branch and head of the federal government as a whole, the presidency is the highest political office in the United States by influence and recognition. The president is also the Commander-in-Chief of the United States Armed Forces. The president is indirectly elected to a four-year term by an Electoral College (or by the House of Representatives should the Electoral College fail to award an absolute majority of votes to any person). Since the ratification of the Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1951, no person may be elected to the office of the president more than twice. Furthermore, no person who served more than two years of a term - to which someone else was elected - may be elected more than once.[1] Upon the death, resignation, or removal from office of an incumbent president, the Vice President assumes the office.

About the listEdit

This list includes only those persons who were sworn into office as president following the ratification of the United States Constitution, which took effect on March 4, 1789. For American leaders before this ratification, see President of the Continental Congress.[2] The list does not include any Acting Presidents under the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution.

There have been forty-three people sworn into office, and forty-four presidencies, as Grover Cleveland served two non-consecutive terms and is counted chronologically as both the twenty-second and twenty-fourth president. Of the individuals elected as president, four died in office of natural causes (William Henry Harrison[3], Zachary Taylor.[4], Warren G. Harding[5][6], and Franklin D. Roosevelt), one resigned (Richard Nixon[7]), and four were assassinated (Abraham Lincoln[8][9], James A. Garfield[10][11], William McKinley[12][13][14][15], and John F. Kennedy). The first president was George Washington, who was inaugurated in 1789 after a unanimous Electoral College vote. William Henry Harrison spent the shortest time in office at 31 days in 1841. At over twelve years, Franklin D. Roosevelt spent the longest time in office, and is the only president to serve more than two terms; he died shortly into his fourth term in 1945, the decision to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki was left to his successor Harry S. Truman, the bombing effectively ended the Pacific War. The current president is Barack Obama; he assumed the office on January 20, 2009, and is the first president of African-American descent.[16][17][18][19][20] He is also the first president born outside the contiguous United States, having been born in Hawaii.[21][22]

List of presidentsEdit

Parties
     No party       Federalist       Democratic-Republican       Democratic       Whig       Republican


Presidency

[n 1]

President Took office Left office Party Vice President Term

[n 1]

1 George Washington

[23][24][25][26]

April 30, 1789 March 4, 1797 no party John Adams 1
2
2 John Adams

[27][28][29][30]

March 4, 1797 March 4, 1801 Federalist Thomas Jefferson 3
3 Thomas Jefferson

[31][32][33][34]

March 4, 1801 March 4, 1809 Democratic-

Republican

Aaron Burr 4
George Clinton 5
4 James Madison

[35][36][37][38]

March 4, 1809 March 4, 1817 Democratic-

Republican

George Clinton[n 2]March 4, 1809 – April 20, 1812 6
vacant[n 3]April 20, 1812 – March 4, 1813
Elbridge Gerry[n 2]March 4, 1813 – November 23, 1814 7
vacant[n 3]November 23, 1814 – March 4, 1817
5 James Monroe

[39][40][41][42]

March 4, 1817 March 4, 1825 Democratic-

Republican

Daniel D. Tompkins 8
9
6 John Quincy Adams

[43][44][45][46]

March 4, 1825 March 4, 1829 Democratic-

Republican National Republican

John C. Calhoun 10
7 Andrew Jackson

[47][48][49][50]

March 4, 1829 March 4, 1837 Democratic John C. Calhoun[n 4]March 4, 1829 – December 28, 1832 11
vacant[n 3]December 28, 1832 – March 4, 1833
Martin Van Buren 12
8 Martin Van Buren

[51][52][53][54]

March 4, 1837 March 4, 1841 Democratic Richard Mentor Johnson 13
9 William Henry Harrison

[55][56][57][58]

March 4, 1841 April 4, 1841

[n 2]

Whig John Tyler 14
10

[n 5]

John Tyler

[59][60][61][62]

April 4, 1841 March 4, 1845 Whig

April 4, 1841 – September 13, 1841

vacant[n 3]
no party[n 6]September 13, 1841 – March 4, 1845
11 James K. Polk

[63][64][65][66]

March 4, 1845 March 4, 1849 Democratic George M. Dallas 15
12 Zachary Taylor

[67][68][69][70]

March 4, 1849 July 9, 1850

[n 2]

Whig Millard Fillmore 16
13 Millard Fillmore

[71][72][73][74]

July 9, 1850 March 4, 1853 Whig vacant[n 3]
14 Franklin Pierce

[75][76][77][78]

March 4, 1853 March 4, 1857 Democratic William R. King[n 2]March 4, 1853 – April 18, 1853 17
vacant[n 3]April 18, 1853 – March 4, 1857
15 James Buchanan

[79][80][81][82]

March 4, 1857 March 4, 1861 Democratic John C. Breckinridge 18
16 Abraham Lincoln

[83][84][85][86]

March 4, 1861 April 15, 1865

[n 7]

Republican

National Union [n 8]

Hannibal Hamlin 19
Andrew Johnson 20
17 Andrew Johnson

[87][88][89][90]

April 15, 1865 March 4, 1869 Democratic

National Union [n 8]

vacant

[n 3]

National Union

[n 8] no party[n 9]

18 Ulysses S. Grant

[91][92][93][94]

March 4, 1869 March 4, 1877 Republican Schuyler Colfax 21
Henry Wilson[n 2]March 4, 1873 – November 22, 1875 22
vacant[n 3]November 22, 1875 – March 4, 1877
19 Rutherford B. Hayes

[95][96][97][98]

March 4, 1877 March 4, 1881 Republican William A. Wheeler 23
20 James A. Garfield

[99][100][101][102]

March 4, 1881 September 19, 1881

[n 7]

Republican Chester A. Arthur 24
21 Chester A. Arthur

[103][104][105][106]

September 19, 1881 March 4, 1885 Republican vacant[n 3]
22 Grover Cleveland

[107][108][109][110]

March 4, 1885 March 4, 1889 Democratic Thomas A. Hendricks[n 2]March 4, 1885 – November 25, 1885 25
vacant[n 3]November 25, 1885 – March 4, 1889
23 Benjamin Harrison

[111][112][113][114]

March 4, 1889 March 4, 1893 Republican Levi P. Morton 26
24 Grover Cleveland

(second term) [107][108][109][110]

March 4, 1893 March 4, 1897 Democratic Adlai E. Stevenson I 27
25 William McKinley

[115][116][117][118]

March 4, 1897 September 14, 1901

[n 7]

Republican Garret Hobart[n 2]March 4, 1897 – November 21, 1899 28
vacant[n 3]November 21, 1899 – March 4, 1901
Theodore Roosevelt 29
26 Theodore Roosevelt

[119][120][121][122]

September 14, 1901 March 4, 1909 Republican vacant[n 3]
Charles W. Fairbanks 30
27 William Howard Taft

[123][124][125][126]

March 4, 1909 March 4, 1913 Republican James S. Sherman[n 2]March 4, 1909 – October 30, 1912 31
vacant[n 3]October 30, 1912 – March 4, 1913
28 Woodrow Wilson

[127][128][129][130]

March 4, 1913 March 4, 1921 Democratic Thomas R. Marshall 32
33
29 Warren G. Harding

[131][132][133][134]

March 4, 1921 August 2, 1923

[n 2]

Republican Calvin Coolidge 34
30 Calvin Coolidge

[135][136][137][138]

August 2, 1923 March 4, 1929 Republican vacant[n 3]
Charles G. Dawes 35
31 Herbert Hoover

[139][140][141][142]

March 4, 1929 March 4, 1933 Republican Charles Curtis 36
32 Franklin D. Roosevelt

[143][144][145][146]

March 4, 1933 (1933-03-04) April 12, 1945 (1945-04-12)

[n 2]

Democratic John Nance Garner 37

[n 10]

38
Henry A. Wallace 39
Harry S. Truman 40
33 Harry S. Truman

[147][148][149][150]

April 12, 1945 January 20, 1953 Democratic vacant[n 3]
Alben W. Barkley 41
34 Dwight D. Eisenhower

[151][152][153][154]

January 20, 1953 January 20, 1961

[n 11]

Republican Richard Nixon 42
43
35 John F. Kennedy

[155][156][157][158]

January 20, 1961 November 22, 1963

[n 7]

Democratic Lyndon B. Johnson 44
36 Lyndon B. Johnson

[159][160][161][162]

November 22, 1963 January 20, 1969 Democratic vacant[n 3]
Hubert Humphrey 45
37 Richard Nixon

[163][164][165][166]

January 20, 1969 August 9, 1974

[n 4]

Republican Spiro Agnew[n 4]January 20, 1969 – October 10, 1973 46
47
vacant[n 3]October 10, 1973 – December 6, 1973
Gerald Ford

December 6, 1973 – August 9, 1974

38 Gerald Ford

[167][168][169][170]

August 9, 1974 January 20, 1977 Republican vacant[n 3]August 9, 1974 – December 19, 1974
Nelson Rockefeller

December 19, 1974 – January 20, 1977

39 Jimmy Carter

[171][172][173][174]

January 20, 1977 January 20, 1981 Democratic Walter Mondale 48
40 Ronald Reagan

[175][176][177][178]

January 20, 1981 January 20, 1989 Republican George H. W. Bush 49
50
41 George H. W. Bush

[179][180][181][182]

January 20, 1989 January 20, 1993 Republican Dan Quayle 51
42 Bill Clinton

[183][184][185][186]

January 20, 1993 January 20, 2001 Democratic Al Gore 52
53
43 George W. Bush

[187][188][189][190]

January 20, 2001 January 20, 2009 Republican Dick Cheney 54
55
44 Barack Obama

[191][192][193][194]

January 20, 2009 Incumbent Democratic Joe Biden 56

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